GLAMOUR STEWARDESS PICTURES
UNIVERSAL FLIGHT ATTENDANT DUTIES AND QUALIFICATIONS
Flight attendants look after the safety and comfort of aircraft passengers and aircraft cabin crew.
A flight attendant may perform the following tasks:
- conduct pre-flight cabin checks, receive prepared meals, beverages and equipment.
- check boarding passes and direct passengers to seats.
- advise passengers of safety regulations.
- distribute reading material and serve meals and drinks.
- provide first aid treatment and assist sick passengers.
- anticipate and provide for the comfort of passengers needing special attention, including unaccompanied children, parents with infants, people with disabilities, elderly and non-English-speaking passengers.
- take action in the event of decompression, turbulence, mechanical malfunction, or unlawful acts by passengers.
- prepare for emergency landings and the evacuation of passengers.
Flight attendants work in shifts which involve irregular hours, working weekends and public holidays, and spending time away from home. They work long hours in a pressurised cabin and must adjust to varying climatic conditions and different time zones. Uniforms are provided.
- at least 18 years old.
- friendly personality with excellent interpersonal and communication skills.
- reliable and enthusiastic team member.
- excellent grooming.
- able to work under pressure and within tight time frames.
- able to adapt easily to an irregular lifestyle.
- excellent health and fitness.
- able to satisfy height requirements.
- second language skills are an advantage.
The role of a flight attendant ultimately derives from that of similar positions on passenger ships or passenger trains, but it has more direct involvement with passengers because of the confined quarters and often shorter travel times on aircraft. Additionally, the job of a flight attendant revolves around safety to a much greater extent than those of similar staff on other forms of transportation. Flight attendants on board a flight collectively form a cabin crew, as distinguished from pilots and engineers in the cockpit.
The first flight attendant, a steward, was reportedly a man on the German Zeppelin LZ10 Schwaben in 1911.
Origins of the word "steward" in transportation are reflected in the term "steward" as used in maritime transport terminology. The term purser and chief steward are often used interchangeably describing personnel with similar duties among seafaring occupations. This lingual derivation results from the international British maritime tradition dating back to the 14th century and the civilian United States Merchant Marine which U.S aviation is somewhat modeled. Due to international conventions and agreements, in which all ships' personnel who sail internationally are similarly documented by their respective countries, the U.S. Merchant Marine assigns such duties to the chief steward in the overall rank and command structure of which pursers are not positionally represented or rostered.
Imperial Airways of the United Kingdom had "cabin boys" or "stewards"; in the 1920s. In the USA, Stout Airways was the first to employ stewards in 1926, working on Ford Trimotor planes between Detroit and Grand Rapids, Michigan. Western Airlines (1928) and Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) (1929) were the first US carriers to employ stewards to serve food. Ten-passenger Fokker aircraft used in the Caribbean had stewards in the era of gambling trips to Havana, Cuba from Key West, Florida. Lead flight attendants would in many instances also perform the role of pursor, steward, or chief steward in modern aviation terminology.
The first female flight attendant was a 25-year-old registered nurse named Ellen Church. Hired by United Airlines in 1930, she also first envisioned nurses on aircraft. Other airlines followed suit, hiring nurses to serve as "stewardesses" on most of their flights. The requirement to be a registered nurse was relaxed at the start of World War II, as so many nurses enlisted into the armed forces.
In the 1960s and 1970s, many airlines began advertising the attractiveness and friendliness of their stewardesses. National Airlines began a "Fly Me"; campaign using attractive stewardesses with taglines such as "I'm Lorraine. Fly me to Orlando." (A low budget 1973 film about three flight attendants, Fly Me, starring Lenore Kasdorf, was based on the ad campaign.)
Braniff International Airways, presented a campaign known as the "Air Strip" with similarly attractive young stewardesses changing uniforms mid-flight. A policy of at least one airline required that only unmarried women could be flight attendants.
Flight attendant Roz Hanby became a minor celebrity when she became the face of British Airways in their "Fly the Flag" advertising campaign over a 7 year period in the 1980s.
Singapore Airlines is currently one of the few airlines still choosing to use the image of their stewardesses, known as Singapore Girls, in their advertising material. However, this is starting to be phased out, in favour of advertising which emphasises the modernity of their fleet.
Airline managers commonly subjected flight attendants to various forms of discrimination from the early days of the profession until the 1990s. Flight attendants at United States-based airlines, and others as well, were forced to resign or were fired if they got married, if they were overweight, wore eyeglasses, if they turned 30 years of age (or 32 at some airlines). These discriminatory policies came under attack in the U.S. after passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Flight attendant unions like the Association of Flight Attendants used Title VII, in the courts and at the bargaining table, to bring an end to such practices and recognize the professionalism of the flight attendant career.
The no-marriage rule was eliminated throughout the U.S. airline industry by the 1980s. The last such broad categorical discrimination, the weight restrictions were eliminated in the 1990s through litigation and negotiations. By the end of the 1970s, the term stewardess had generally been replaced by the gender-neutral, and more wordy, alternative flight attendant. More recently the term cabin crew or cabin staff has begun to replace 'flight attendants,' in some parts of the world because of the term's recognition of their role as members of the crew.
|Notable flight attendants
Kathy Augustine, was a flight attendant prior to entering Nevada politics
Alex Best, ex-wife of George Best
Regina Bird, Big Brother Australia 2003 winner
Deborah Burlingame, sister of Charles "Chic" Burlingame III, the pilot of hijacked American Airlines Flight 77
Beverly Lynn Burns, American Airlines stewardess class of 1971;first woman Boeing 747 Captain in the world July 1984.
Sherylynn Butt, beauty pageant winner
Terence Cao, veteran Singaporean actor
Ellen Church, first flight attendant in history
Ester Cordet, Playmate
Uli Derickson, on duty during TWA Flight 847 hijacking
Brian Dowling, UK Big Brother 2001 winner
Gaëtan Dugas, alleged Patient Zero for acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Sandra Force, beauty pageant winner
Veronica Genereux - first African American Stewardess
Roz Hanby - Face of the British Airways "Fly the Flag" campaign (1970s / 1980s)
Barbara Jane Harrison - posthumously awarded the George Cross for bravery
Todd Herzog, winner of Survivor: China
Jennifer Hosten, 1970 Miss World winner
Patricia Ireland, former President of the National Organization for Women
Suzen Johnson, mistress of Frank Gifford
Evangeline Lilly, Canadian actress
Kate Linder, actress on The Young and the Restless, who continues to fly with United Airlines on weekends, when not filming scenes for the soap opera.
Jan Brown Lohr, lobbied in Washington for lap babies' safety belts after the crash of United Airlines Flight 232
Catherine Maunoury, French winner of the Aerobatics World Championship in 1988 and 2000
Avis Miller, Playmate
Jane McGrath, co-founder of the McGrath Foundation for breast cancer
Froso Papaharalambous, singer
Michelle Parma, participant in Our First Time hoax
Iris Peterson, flew for United Airlines from 1946 until 2007, retiring at the age of 85
Lyudmila Putina, wife of Russian President Vladimir Putin, was a flight attendant early in her career
Linda Louise Rowley, former beauty queen who held the title Miss Alaska USA
Lee Seung-yeon, Korean actress/talkshow host
Ellen Simonetti, first flight attendant to be fired for blogging
Tania Soni, beauty pageant winner
Silver Tree, writer and producer
Vesna Vulović, Guinness World Record holder for surviving the highest fall without a parachute
Julie Woodson, Playmate
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